Autumn marks a change in life on the freshwater ponds that dot the Cape. As September and October roll around, most of the humans who called the ponds their summer habitat migrate, making room for ducks that will stay all winter, among them the green-headed common mergansers and the black-and-white buffleheads.

“As a birder goes, it’s just nice to see a pond that was quiet all summer, in terms of avian life, it’s nice to see the people get off and the ducks come on,” O’Connor muses.

Birds of a Feather

This is also when sea ducks start appearing for the winter, including three species of scoters—the black, surf, and white-winged—and the common eiders, the largest of these birds. The white-winged scoter, with its all-black body except for white side wings and a comma-shaped white patch around the eye, is probably the most striking.

Birds of a Feather Birds of a Feather

O’Connor, author of Why Don’t Woodpeckers Get Headaches, likens birding to fishing because “there is always that surprise,” he says. In the wintertime, it can be a downy-white snowy owl from the Arctic tundra touching down on the shores of Coast Guard Beach. “Usually one or two show up every year, but it’s still kind of rare,” he says. Bald eagles also surprise and delight: A sighting is recorded about monthly now, given that eagle nests exist in Lakeville and Fall River, he notes.

And while autumn brings a certain amount of avian excitement throughout the Cape, so do most seasons, he says. “That’s what’s nice about the Cape—there is always a good birding season, except maybe June, when the birds are sitting on eggs.”

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Donna Scaglione is a freelance writer living in Falmouth.

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